The Ocean provides ecosystem services essential to the survival of humanity.
The Ocean is the heart and lungs of our blue planet: it captures up to 30% of anthropogenic CO2 and emits 50% of the oxygen we breathe through phytoplankton. It represents 90% of the planet’s living space.
The Ocean mitigates the impact of natural disasters as it moderates extreme weather events. It thus ensures the maintenance of the life cycle of fauna and flora, elements, and nutrients.
The Ocean acts as a biodiversity reservoir. 90% of marine species have yet to be discovered.
These ecosystem services are now threatened due to human pressures exerted on the Ocean and its biodiversity.
UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG14 “Life below water”) aims to ‘Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.’ This directive is one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) defined in 2015 by United Nations member states.
The 17 goals of the 2030 agenda are intertwined, interdependent, even inseparable. As such, they call for integrated solutions. A given SDG’s relationship to the other SDGs is paramount to its successful achievement. Thus, each SDG is directly or indirectly impacted by the others.
The Ocean Framework was built by Fondation de la Mer based on the following SDG14 targets:
– it covers all the objectives of SDG14;
– it translates them into possibilities for concrete action by a company;
– it also provides additional levers for the company to achieve other SDGs.
WHAT’S AT STAKE
The ocean: first climate regulator.
A true thermostat for the planet, it heats up and cools down very slowly. It can store heat at 1000 times the atmospheric capacity. By absorbing 30% of the CO2 emitted by humans, the ocean also reduces greenhouse gas effects and limits atmospheric warming.
The ocean: first victim of climate change.
The warming and acidification of oceans caused by human activity affect the thermal mechanics of our entire planet. They also cause large-scale migration of marine species, and the weakening or even the disappearance of vulnerable ecosystems.
The Ocean is a biodiversity reservoir.
To date, only a small part of this biodiversity is known. And yet, it is crucial to human well-being and health: it represents the primary protein source for 1 billion people, and contributes to half of all cancer treatments.
Biodiversity is in danger:
As a result of climate change, all forms of water pollution, and the unsustainable exploitation of its resources, marine biodiversity is threatened: as evidenced by the disappearance of half of our corals, and mass extinctions of fish species and marine mammal species.
The world economy depends on healthy oceans.
One in two humans lives within 60 km from the sea, and 61% of global GDP is generated by activities located less than 100 km from the coast. Over 90% of world trade transits through sea and ocean routes. In France, the ocean contributes the equivalent of 14% of GDP to national wealth. Globally, the total ecosystem value of the ocean is estimated at more than $ 20,000 billion USD. Overexploitation of the oceans, climate change and loss of marine biodiversity pose a serious threat to this economic resource and to the hundreds of millions of associated jobs.
"Many companies now integrate sustainable development goals (SDGs) into their CSR strategy. But few of them refer to SDG14 specifically, and the interaction between different SDGs is not sufficiently taken into account either. Using the Ocean Framework to address SDG14 helps identify new actions to the benefit of other SDGs as well.”
Ignace Beguin Billecocq
“The Ocean is an essential resource in reaching 2030 objectives. Change and accelerated action on behalf of all agents are necessary to best protect and utilize it. To incite companies to act in line with ‘UN Global Compact principles for a sustainable Ocean,’ the UN Global Compact publishes sector-specific practical guidelines which recommend the use of the Ocean Framework.”
“We must continue to sound the alarm on the dangers of poor management practices for marine environments, by offering concrete solutions, notably regarding economic models of sustainable management and novel sources of financing, all the while mapping opportunities linked to the sea. This is the purpose of the Ocean Framework.”